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howto:electro:batteries

Rechargeable Batteries

Important voltages

Important voltages for various battery chemistries (mostly based on wikipedia articles).

Nickel, Lithium

Ni-MH Ni-Cd Li-ion Li-Po LiFePO4
nominal (1 cell) 1.2 1.2 3.7 (NMC 3.6) 3.7 3.2
not recharge below!* * n/a n/a 2.4-2.9 n/a
discharged 1.0-1.1 0.9-1.0 2.7-3.0 2.7-3.0 2.8
charged OCV 1.41 1.25-1.35 3.3
slow charging above 1.29 1.5 4.2
stop charging n/a 1.6 4.2 4.23 3.6
damage/explosion!!!* 1.78 1.71 4.3 4.235 3.8
float?? @20°C * * * 4.1 (4.0-4.2) 3.9-4.05 3.3
  • * Some kinds of commonly used batteries are VERY dangerous when shorted, overcharged or punctured. Especially some kinds of lithium batteries.
  • * * Lithium battery under this voltage should not be recharged. If you still decide to recharge it, you have to do it carefully at fireproof place and under constant supervision. Once it's back above this voltage, you can proceed as usual.
  • * * * Some people do not reccomend float charging bateries other than lead-acid http://www.electronicsweekly.com/news/design/power/float-charging-lithium-ion-cells-2006-02/

Lead-acid

Nabití Sealed
Flooded
Gel AGM
Nominal voltage (6 cells) 12.00 12.00 12.00
Stop current charging 14.40 14.40 14.40
Float voltage 25 °C 13.40 13.05 13.60
OCV @ SOC 100% 12.70+ 12.85+ 12.80+
OCV @ SOC 75% 12.40 12.65 12.60
OCV @ SOC 50% 12.20 12.35 12.30
OCV @ SOC 25% 12.00 12.00 12.00
OCV @ SOC 0% 11.80 11.80 11.80
Stop discharge 10.50 10.50 10.50
  • Maximum charge current 0.3C = (0.3 * 7Ah = 2.1A)
  • Optimal low voltage cutoff depends on the load!
  • Compensation of float voltage approximately −3.9 mV (or -5mV) per cell per °C of temperature rise is necessary.
  • Typical 12V 7Ah AGM datasheet: (long)
  • GWL CMP12 controller specs
    • LVD - Low voltage disconnection 10.5V
    • LVR - Low voltage reconnection 12.6V
    • HVD - High Voltage Disconnection 13.7V
howto/electro/batteries.txt · Poslední úprava: 2014/10/18 06:33 (upraveno mimo DokuWiki)